The History of Photography

Photography is a technique of creating images by recording light on a photosensitive surface. Its creation was due to numerous experiments of physicists and chemists until 1826, when a French named Joseph Nicéphore Niépce took the first photograph in history. As time went by, the photography changed and evolved, but its essence is still the same, proving that, even though it got drastically updated, the photography still maintains its original purpose of creating recordations.

The predecessor of photography and the first ever technique of creating images was a technique called Camera Obscura, that first emerged in 1558, as a tool that, among other purposes, was used to help painters, such as Leonardo Da Vinci, to sketch and study. It was basically a box with a very small hole and a photosensitive surface placed parallel to it. The light would hit the object in question, which then would reflect rays from different points through the hole and to the photosensitive surface, which would, lastly, recreate an upside-down image of the object. Later, in the XVII century, the Camera Obscura received a lense instead of a hole, and, then, developed into the photographic camera.

Although being officially developed only during the XIX century, there are reports of the Camera Obscure being used before in multiple occasions, such as in the XI century by an Arabian named Ibn al-Haithem who used it to observe a solar eclipse, there are also reports of it being used also by the Greek philosopher Aristoteles who also used it to study Astronomy. However, only in 1550, an Italian physicist called Girolamo Cardano solved the problem of darkness in the images. He noticed that the smaller the hole was, the best was the quality, but, on the other hand, the image would be considerably darker. Therefore, he replaced the small hole with a biconvex lens, thus solving the problem.

The first coloured film was presented to the public in 1907, after a slow and careful process of creation, although being able to increase the popularity of photography, it lacked the number of details and quality that a black and white picture had – it still does even up until this day. However, it did not stop the amount of attention and popularity that the art of photography received after receiving the ability to create colourful images. In 1861, even before the coloured photography was known by the public, a Scottish physicist called James Clerk Maxwell was able to develop the first ever coloured photo by observing how the human eyes capture the colour and then repeating the process using three separate filters to create the RGB.

The introduction of digital technology has been changing the way photographing is seen and dealt with, pieces of equipment are seemingly cheaper, the quality is better, the camera itself is easier to use. Also, the addition of a camera to smartphones contributed to a growing popularity of the art of photographing, which is a new hobby amongst all ages. Furthermore, the technology and the internet made it easier to store, reproduce and share the photos, allowing the user to take as many photographs they desire.

The art of photography is something that is in constant evolution, whether it is to bring more comfort to the users or to improve the quality of the pictures, it is true that the study about photography never ceases. It first began way back in history, as a tool to help professionals, but now it is either a hobby or a profession. Therefore, it proved itself to be an important technique when it comes to creating a memory album or even to be an auxiliary in studies.

See how much photograhy has evolved – we now even have food photographers such as Adrian Harrison Photography.










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